Pantanal of Nhecolândia
The Nhecolândia wetland is considered one of the largest in the area . The vast majority of its territory is located within the municipality of Corumbá, being only a small part o the east under the jurisdiction of Rio Verde of Mato Grosso.
According to data from the Brazilian Transport Planning Company (1974), its area is 23,574km². Its limits are: to the north, the pantanal of Paiaguás, being the river Taquari the point of reference for the separation; to the south, the wetlands of Abobral and Aquidauana, making the Negro river an important dividing landmark; to the east, the central plateau, being reached the same through the serra da Alegria and ending with the highway BR-163, from where the cities of Coxim and Rio Verde of Mato Grosso are reached almost equidistant; to the west, the Paraguay River.
The aerial view of this wetland shows a fairly typical physiognomy characterized by bays, salt flats, clean fields, woods and savannas.
A common physiognomy is the presence of forests, with woody species showing around them natural pastures and, immediately neighboring, the bays and salt flats. These water masses act as drinking fountains for livestock.
During the most critical phase of the dry season (August and September), some of these bays dry out or decrease considerably in volume.
The bays have vegetation around and inside. Peripherally, there is natural pasture, standing out with marked accent by frequency, mimosa grass (Axonopus pirpusii) and mimosinho (Reinarochloa brasiliensis).
The vegetation inside the bays exhibits small ferns (Azolla sp., Marsilea polycarpa), leather hat (Echinodorus paniculatus), lancet grass (Sargitaria montevidensis), camalote (Pontederia cordata), aguapé (Eichhormia crassipes).
Concentrations of the carandá palm (Copernicia Alba) appear with certain frequency in this wetland. In the sandy soils of Nhecolândia are also the palm trees named acuri (Attalea phalerata), bocaiúva (Acrocomia totai) and tucum (Bactris glaucescens).
Significant volumes of water deposit in lowlands, along the routes that lead to the interior of Nhecolândia. The coryxes present in high frequency two types of aguapé, Richhornia spp and Pontederia cordata. These species greatly adorn the waterways of the region, with their large and beautiful flowers of white, blue, pink and purple.
The other types of water masses found in Nhecolândia, and also in other wetlands, are the ebbing and coryzing.
Another landscape of this wetland is the barriers. They constitute depressions of the land, having around 100-200 m² of area.
The soil there is muddy and the cattle lick it, presumably in search of mineral salts.
The most important river in this area is the Taquari, which serves as a boundary between Nhecolândia and Paiaguás, and you can see also forest.
The vegetation of Nhecolândia frequently shows savannas, in alternation with water masses of the type bays and salinas. Some vegetal associations stand out in the Nhecolândia by its continuous presence in the landscape. The main ones are the canjiqueiral, the gravatal and the caronal.
The soils of the Nhecolândia wetland are essentially sandy, presenting a texture that is generally so fine that it resembles that occurring on the coast. Eventually, stains of silty or clayey soil can be found.
The savannahs and fields of Nhecolândia are based mainly on an outcropping layer of very fine sand.
The forage richness of the savannahs and fields of Nhecolândia falls mainly on two species of grasses, the mimosa grass.
COMPLETE PACKAGE – 04 NIGHTS
1st DAY: CHECK-IN, DINNER AND ACCOMOACDATION (CAMPING) (TENT OR HAMMOCK).
DAY 2: BOAT RIDE, IN THE MORNING – LUNCH OUT TO THE CAMP (MATO) – DINNER – ACCOMOACDATION IN TENT. (NHECOLANDIA).
3rd DAY: ENJOY THE SITE – DINNER ACCOMOACDATION IN TENT. (NHECOLANDIA).
4th DAY: ENJOY THE SITE – RETURN TO B & B AFTER LUNCH. DINING – ACCOMODATION IN PRIVATE / COLLECTIVE SUIT. (BEDROOM).
5th DAY: HORSE RIDE – LUNCH CHECK-OUT. (BEDROOM).
INCLUDES IN THE PACKAGE: CAR WITH DRIVER / GUIDE (BILINGUAL) PRIVATE / FULL BOARD (COFFEE, LUNCH AND DINNER).
NOT INCLUDED IN THE PACKAGE: Drinks, Gratuities, Extras.
Access to the Pantanal
In Mato Grosso do Sul, the main access to the Pantanal is through Campo Grande, through BR 262 that connects the state capital to the city of Corumbá.
Depending on the region of the Pantanal it is possible to arrive by car, but at certain times of the year only with a 4x4 or plane.
It is always good to consult someone specializing in travel organization for the Pantanal to make sure the conditions are in order, if everything is flooded or if it is very dry, if it has too many mosquitos.
You need to pack in your luggage: sunscreen, insect repellent, long pants/Trousers, long sleeve shirt, light clothes, shorts, T-shirts, cap or hat, sneakers or hiking boots, slippers, bathing suit, camera and personal medication folks.